DAT Freight Index: February Spot Market Truckload Rates and Volume Dip Seasonally

PORTLAND, Ore. — Spot truckload freight volume and rates declined seasonally in February, which is typically the slowest month for freight, according to DAT Solutions, which operates North America’s largest load board marketplace.

The DAT North American Freight Index fell 14 percent compared to January, but this was the second-strongest February in 20 years. The index of available loads rose 62 percent compared to February 2017.

Spot market rates for van, refrigerated (“reefer”) and flatbed freight slipped lower month over month, but continued to exceed 2017 levels.

The national average spot van rate was $2.13 per mile in February, down 11 cents compared to January, but 52 cents higher than February 2017.

At $2.42 per mile, the national average spot reefer rate was 22 cents lower month over month and 56 cents higher compared to February 2017. The spot rate for reefers exceeded the average contract rate, for the sixth consecutive month, indicating extraordinary pressure on reefer capacity nationwide.

The national average flatbed spot rate was $2.36 per mile, 1 cent lower than the January peak, and 40 cents higher year over year. The spot rate for flatbeds matched the average contract rate in February. Increased volume at the end of the month and the first few days of March signaled an early start to the spring freight season.

“We expect rates to rebound well before the end of March,” said DAT industry analyst Mark Montague. The end of the month and quarter coincide with Easter weekend as well as the start of the full penalty phase of the Electronic Logging Device mandate on April 1. Shippers will want to move freight ahead of these key dates, and the additional demand will intensify the strain on capacity, driving rates up.”

Established in 1978, DAT operates a network of load boards serving intermediaries and carriers across North America. For more than a decade DAT has published its Freight Index, which is representative of the dynamic spot market.

Referenced rates are the averages, by equipment type, based on $45 billion of actual transactions, as recorded in DAT RateView. Reference rates per mile include fuel surcharges, but not accessorials or other fees. The DAT Freight Index reflects load posting volume on the DAT network of load boards, and 100 on the Index represents the average monthly volume in the year 2000. Additional trends and analysis are available at DAT Trendlines.