Spot Rates Edge Down From Record Highs, as Contract Rates Keep Rising

The national average van rate edged down to $2.30 per mile during the past week, which is only a penny lower than the average for June. The rolling average for July is still trending down, but it’s not likely to move a lot more before August restarts the clock tomorrow. That makes this a remarkably strong July, which has historically been a quiet month for trucking freight.

To put July in context, remember that spot market rates in June hit the highest monthly average for vans, reefers and flatbeds since 2010, when DAT established the original spot rates database. It’s reasonable to assume that June spot rates were the highest ever, but there was simply no supporting data before 2010. So if July rates land a couple of pennies below June, that’s still crazy high.

Contract van rates are also the highest ever, but unlike spot rates, average pricing on longer-term, shipper-to-carrier contracts continued to rise in July. When the average fuel surcharge is added, contract carriers are getting $2.36 per mile, while spot market transactions paid $2.30 to the truck.

That six-cent gap between spot market and contract rates may widen in the third quarter, as contract rates continue to trend up. Then the gap could narrow again before the end of the year, as spot rates respond to seasonal pressure. That happened in Q4 2017, and this year’s fall freight season could be even more intense. We’ll know more in a few weeks.


The load-to-truck ratio declined to 6.9 loads per truck, with tight capacity in distinct regions across the South, along both coasts, and in parts of the Midwest. Despite seasonal declines, July will go on the books as the second-strongest month this year for van ratios, and second-strongest for rates since at least 2010.